How to strap an ankle?

It often doesn’t take much to get an ankle injury. One wrong step, a brief stumble or a little inattentiveness – you bend over. In sport, too, rapid movements and changes of direction can quickly lead to ankle trauma. If the affected person has a relatively strong twist, it is not uncommon for a ligament to tear in the ankle. In the following article, we get to know about How to strap an ankle? So don’t skip the article from anywhere and read it carefully because it’s going to be very useful for you guys.

But what should be done in such a case? How long does it take to heal? And what service can supports and orthotics do? These and other questions are answered in the following text.

Definition of the ligament tear

A torn ligament in the ankle is the partial or complete rupture of one of the ligaments in the upper ankle, commonly known as the ankle. If the ligaments are partially or entirely torn, they can no longer adequately fulfil their functions, leading to the affected joint losing stability and being restricted in its mobility.

If the ankle has torn ligaments, one or more ligaments may be torn. Depending on the severity, doctors classify the various ligament injuries in the ankle joint into Grade 1 (ligament stretch/ligament strain), Grade 2 (partial ligament tear) and Grade 3 (complete ligament tear in at least one ligament). In the case of a torn ligament at the ankle, the connective tissue around the injury and the adjacent blood vessels are often injured or damaged and overstretched.

Immediate measures in the event of a torn ligament

In the event of a torn ligament, the so-called ” PECH method” can be considered as a temporary measure. This is the abbreviation for the following areas:

  • Pause. This means that you should take care of yourself immediately and no longer put any weight on the injured foot. Further exposure can not only worsen the injury but also lead to even more pain and swelling.
  • Ice cream.

After an ankle trauma, which may result in a torn ligament, cooling the affected foot can help reduce swelling and pain. Of course, you can’t repair injured ligaments through this, but it makes the first minutes and hours after an injury more bearable. It is not for nothing that you can observe the immediate cooling of the injured area almost every day in top-class sport.

  • Compression

Compression is also essential, significantly to reduce the swelling a little. If a compression bandage is quickly placed around the injured ankle, it can no longer bleed into the foot as much. This immediate measure not only reduces the swelling but ultimately also ensures less pain.

  • Elevate to strap an ankle.

If there is a ligament injury in the foot, elevating the affected ankle can also prevent the swelling from becoming as severe. Even so, less blood can flow into the foot, and the first waste materials can be transported away via the lymph vessels. In addition, elevating the ankle is ultimately less painful than if the injured foot sagged.

The fastest possible examination by a doctor is also considered an immediate measure. After a torn ligament, pain relievers have also proven effective. As a rule, the doctor will give medication with the active ingredients ibuprofen or Voltaren in acute cases. Especially at night, these remedies help to get a reasonably restful sleep despite the injury.

The following immediate measures are indicated:

  • “PECH” rule
  • Examination by the doctor
  • medical therapy

Structure of the ankle and ligaments

The ankle joint is divided into two parts: the upper and lower ankle. The upper ankle joint comprises the standard ankle fork, calf bone and shin bone and enables us to bend and stretch the foot. The lower ankle joint, which lies between the ankle bone and the tarsus and made up of the ankle bone, the heel bone and the so-called tarsal row, can turn the foot outward and inward, that raise and lower the inside and outside of the foot.

The various ligaments in our body consist of connective tissue and hold the individual joint bones together. All ligaments of the ankle joint, both the syndesmosis, which connects the tibia and fibula, and the inner and outer ligament complex, are of great importance for stability under load and for joint guidance.

What treatment options are there?

The question of how to treat a torn ligament depends on several factors. First of all, it important how many ligaments have affected. There just one ribbon torn? Or several ligaments, including the joint capsule? The question of which ligaments broke also plays an important role. While a surgical procedure rarely necessary for a torn outer ligament, it can look completely different if the syndesmosis pulled.

Conservative therapy to strap an ankle

Torn ligaments in the ankle usually treated conservatively. This means that you do not operate on the affected foot but get the patient fit again in several phases. In the acute stage, rest and protection are first called for. You wait until the swelling has largely subsided. The patient then treated with targeted physiotherapy. This can also consist of several parts.

Physical measures like

  • Iontophoresis,
  • Ultrasound or
  • Cryotherapy

help fight pain and get the rest of the swelling out of the joint. At the same time, the patient can start exercising again in strength or coordination exercises. The coordination exercises, in particular, play an essential role here, as the interaction between the spinal cord, brain, nerves, tendons, ligaments, and muscles must relearn. Balance cushions, unique balance tops or various exercises use here. Under the guidance of an experienced therapist, the patient gradually returns to his previous level.

Operative therapy to strap an ankle

In the case of external or internal ligament injuries in the ankle, surgery less likely to indicate. However, if bony areas affected in addition to the ligaments, an operation may necessary here. Since the syndesmosis ligament anatomically part of the ankle joint – and can also damaged by an ankle trauma – tearing of this ligament can make an operation necessary. Even if this ligament only torn, the overall stability of the ankle joint can so severely limit that only a process can help.

During surgical therapy on the outer or inner ligaments. The injured ligament structures sewn, and free joint bodies removed. Tears the syndesmosis tape. Not only the band sewn, but an adjusting screw also inserted between the tibia and fibula so that the band can heal in peace and stress-free. Alternatively, there is also the tightrope technique, which serves the same purpose.

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Treatment methods to strap an ankle:

  • conservative therapy
  • operative therapy
  • professional physio as part of both methods

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